“Most, if not all, rabbits have this bacteria and can have a bout with snuffles if they become stressed,” Heatley says. “So for your rabbit we recommend a healthy diet, stress free environment, and plenty of enrichment and exercise. Their diet should consist primarily of grass hay, such as oat or timothy, but not alfalfa which has too much protein and fat."
Snuffles is extremely contagious among rabbits, and infected rabbits should never be allowed to come into contact with healthy rabbits. Any cage or bedding that has been in contact with infected rabbits should be thoroughly disinfected with a mild bleach solution before using for healthy rabbits. Humans that handle infected rabbits should wash their hands and clothes before handling healthy rabbits.
“With adequate care and treatment most cases of snuffles can be resolved and have a good prognosis,” Heatley adds. “However, some cases of snuffles can have multiple bacteria or may involve a tooth problem or bone infection in the rabbit’s nose. These bunny patients may require months of treatment and require much patience on the part of the owner.”
Pet Talk is a service of the College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University.