Monongalia County is the healthiest county in West Virginia, and northern counties continue to be better off than their southern counterparts, according to a study released Wednesday.
The report released by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and University of Wisconsin researchers ranks counties by several health factors such as smoking, drinking, obesity, premature deaths, and other areas including education, access to health care and unemployment.
Monongalia overtook Pendleton County, which had been No. 1 the past three years. McDowell County ranked last for the fourth straight year that the report has been released.
Monongalia County had the lowest number of premature deaths, and for at least the fourth straight year had the lowest rates of unhealthy behaviors that include adult smoking and obesity, physical inactivity, excessive drinking, fatal motor vehicle crashes, sexually transmitted diseases, and births among teen mothers.
The county also showed a slight improvement in clinical care and in physical environment, which combines access to recreational facilities and healthy foods, as well as lower rates of fast-food restaurants and air pollution.
Pendleton saw slight dips in clinical care, which included the percentage of uninsured residents, the number of primary-care physicians and dentists, screenings for diabetes and breast cancer, and preventable hospital stays; and in social-economic factors such as graduation rates, unemployment and poverty.
This year’s study used figures from 2008-2010. Last year’s study used figures from 2006-08.
Doddridge County leaped from ninth to third in the study and was followed by Jefferson, Hampshire, Tucker, Pleasants, Upshur, Putnam and Hardy. Putnam is the lone southern county in the top 10.
Ritchie County improved from 30th to 11th and Gilmer improved from 45th to 24th.
Wirt fell from fourth to 22nd and Taylor went from 17th to 30th.
In ranking last, McDowell County had a premature death rate nearly double the state average, and it also has high rates of physical inactivity, adult smoking and obesity.
The county is the focus of a five-year initiative called Reconnecting McDowell, aimed at saving the schools and their students from failure, and addressing underlying social problems.
Other counties with the poorest health were Wyoming, Mingo, Logan, Boone, Mercer, Wayne, Lincoln, Fayette and Summers — all in the southern part of the state.